It is likely that the refugee law would also be addressed in all the challenges posed by future safe third country agreements with Mexico or other countries.  „Sistema Integrado de Justicia,“ Comisién Internacional contra la Impunidad in Guatemala, June 2019, www.cicig.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Presentacion_GIZ_SIJ_2019.pdf. InSight Crime, „Guatemala Profile,“ November 29, 2017, www.insightcrime.org/guatemala-organized-crime-news/guatemala/#Criminal%20Groups. At the time of writing this report at the end of April 2020, the National Migration Board, which decided that asylum procedures had not been completed since the Covid 19 restrictions came into force in mid-March, had not been completed.  Given the Covid-19 downturn, it is difficult to predict how long it will take to process applications in the current case load, including the 20 ACA transfers that have filed refugee claims. Regulatory bottlenecks, a lack of technical capacity to process asylum claims and a lack of qualified warrant officers point to serious shortcomings in the ongoing asylum system.  The conditions of some of the current ACA were conditional on the exchange by signatory countries of diplomatic notes certifying that each country had established the legal framework necessary for the implementation and operation of the agreement. The United States will have a stronger negotiating position when signing additional agreements if a national regulatory framework is already in place during the negotiations. The circumstances of the agreement between the United States and Canada underscore this reality, given that a period of nearly two years has elapsed between the development of the agreement and its effect by enacting final rules. This delay has not been as problematic in the context of U.S.-Canada relations, as relatively few foreigners are subject to the U.S. agreement.
S.-Canada. On the other hand, a much larger number of foreigners arriving at the southern border will be affected by non-Canadian ACA that is currently in development. In order to reduce the number of asylum seekers in the United States to a more manageable level and to have a strong negotiating position with other potential third countries, the United States needs the flexibility to implement the current ACA much faster than the biennial exercise between the signing and implementation of the U.S.-Canada agreement. In addition, countries that sign the ACA with the United States may be discouraged from maintaining their commitments under the agreements if the United States significantly delays its operationalization after representing countries that have declared their adherence to these agreements to be an urgent priority for the United States. See E. Bay Sanctuary Covenant v. Trump, 932 F.3d 742, 776 (9 cir. 2018) („The President`s ability to implement a new policy in response to a current foreign crisis is the kind of „definitely undesirable international consequences“ that justify the invocation of the foreign policy exception.“