What Agreement Was Reached In 1998 To Decrease Violence

For example, the decentralisation clause of the agreement was implemented in 1998. In December 1998, ministerial positions in the Northern Ireland Executive were not filled. Although politicians continue to disagree, there has been no return to the violence that has been observed in Northern Ireland. It`s a much more peaceful place, and many say it`s Good Friday agreement. In the early 1990s, the dynamic began to develop to launch a formal peace process for the first time since the failure of the Sunningdale Conference in 1973. The first discussions began in 1991 (the talks between the parties or Brooke Mayhew) with the moderate parties – the two main Unionist parties (UUP and DUP), the SDLP and the Alliance party – and without the Sinn Fein paramilitary parties and loyalist parties. In 1990, the British government launched a secret dialogue with Sinn Fein, but the initiative failed and was suspended in 1993 because the British government insisted that violence end permanently as a condition of Sinn Fein`s participation in the peace process.61 Thatcher`s successor, John Major was less personally linked to unionism , and some attribute to him the fact that he made the important decisions – including the Downing Street Declaration and the Anglo-Irish Frameworks51 document – that eventually led to the date of 1998. Peace agreement. Mr Major has undoubtedly shown considerable courage in getting in touch with his Irish counterparts (and indirectly with the IRA). But these actions have amplified the suspicions of trade unionists, and Major`s dependence on trade union votes, because he maintained his parliamentary majority, has reduced his room for manoeuvre, which has led him to point out the lasting cessation of violence and the prior decommissioning of weapons as preconditions for the opening of the Sinn Fein peace talks, tests that have almost brought the process to a standstill. It was therefore somewhat ironic that the election of Prime Minister Tony Blair of the traditionally „Green“ Labour Party helped pave the way for the 1998 agreement.

Although trade unionists were historically suspicious of the Labour Party, The actions of Thatcher and the majors had undermined the unionists` confidence in the Conservatives.